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一镇一孝廉|“长征之苦,使人难忘”: 长征路上走出来的医学博士!
文章来源:亚博

亚博  zaipeiyulianghaojiafengfangmian,laoyibeigemingjiawei亚博 zuochulebangyang。meiyiweilingdaoganbudouyaobajiafeng亚博 baizaizhongyaoweizhi,lianjiexiushen、lianjieqijia,zaiguanhaozijidetongshi,yangeyaoqiupeiou、zinvheshenbiangongzuorenyuan。

  ——zhaizixijinpingzongshuji2016nian1yue12rizaidishibajiezhongyangjilvjianchaweiyuanhuidiliuciquantihuiyishangdejianghua

  nanerlizhichuxiangguan

  xuebuchengmingshibuhai

  ……

  

  zaihongjunlishishang,gongyongxianchusanweiboshi,xiannian105suigaolingdetutongjinjiangjunshimuqianweiyidejianzaizhe。zheiweicongzhangzhenglushangzouchulaideyixueboshi,yeshi亚博 guodeyimingkaiguoshaojiangheshenjingwaikechuangshiren。zhouenlaizonglicengzanyangtutongjin,chengtashi亚博 guojiadehongjunboshi,shizhumingdeshenjingwaikezhuanjia,shizhongguozhishifenzidedianfan。 

  

  1988年涂通今被授予一级红星功勋荣誉章(资料图片)

  congxiangcunwawadaokaiguojiangjun、congputongjunyidaoshenjingwaikezhuanjia,tayong100duonianshiguang,puxielezijiderenshengchuanqi,shijianlezijidexinyanglixiang!

  butongyuqitajunren“shangzhanchang,bingqudeshengli”deshiming,tutongjinyonglingyizhongfangshirongmayisheng,tade“zhanchang”jiushishoushutai。

  战争时期,在涂通今及其同事的努力下,先后救治了数以万计的战士。解放后,涂通今以培养“无产阶级的医学人才”为己任,为中国医学事业的发展作出了杰出贡献。  

  立志当红军

亚博  geming,shitazijidexuanze; 

  学医,是革命为他做的选择。   

亚博  1914nian10yue,tutongjinchushengzaizhangtingxiantufangzhentufangcunyigepinkudenongcunjiating,zaifumudepinmingzhichenghetongzuzizhuxia,tutongjindule5niansishu、3niangaoxiao。

  1929nian,danghongjunerciruminluguozhangtingxiantufangxiangshi,maozedongzhanzaigaogaodetuduishang,jiqingangyangdeyanjiangxiyinlezhongduoxiangqin。15suidetutongjinjijinrenqun,neishitadiyicilingtinglemaozedongdeyanjiang。

  

  

(资料图片)

亚博  tutongjinzhijinhaiqingchudijide: “neishi1929nian10yue,xiangqinmenzaihuanqingnonglijiuyuefengshoujiedeshihou,maoweiyuanluguotufangxiang,tajiuzhuzaitongjiedeyaodianli,haizaiqunzhongjihuishangjianglehua,haozhaodajiadatuhao、fentiandi,yonggemingwuzhuangfensuifangemingwuzhuang。”

亚博  yigeweirenchongmanganzhaoli、ningjulidejushoutouzu、kangkaichenci,shiyigecongxiaojiubeisongsunzhongshanyizhu,tiantianpanzhe“gengzheyouqitian”deqionghaizi,shenshendirentonglegemingdeyuanjing。neiciyanjiangshijiansuibuzhang,danquejiqitutongjinxiangcanjiahongjundeyuanwang。

亚博  jijingnuli,1932nian,zairenqusuweiaidaibiaodefuqindezhichixia,18suidetutongjinyirancanjialezhongguogongnonghongjun。nianqingqishengdetutongjinyaoqiushangqianxian,taxiangkangqiangdazhangbaojiaweiguo,raner,dangshidesuquzhengchuyufan“weijiao”douzhengqijian,renyuanshangwangrenshuyurijuzeng,hongjunjixuyihurenyuan。

  zaizheizhongqingshixia,tutongjincanjunhoulijibeifenpeidaofujianjunquhoufangzongyiyuan。ruyuandiertianyougekaoshi,timushi“weishenmeyaoxuekanhu?”zhayikanti,tutongjinzheigegaoxiaobiyedehaizimengzhule,mengranjian,taxiangqiyiyuandamenshangdeyifubiaoyu: “weijiuhuqianfangguilaideyingyongjiangshi,weipeiyangwuchanjiejideyixuerencai”,pingzhezheigejiyi,tabazheijuhuayizibuluodixiezaidajuanshang。fabangshi,tajuranmingliediyi!

亚博  zaizuole8geyuedekanhugongzuohou,tutongjinbeixuansongdaoweiyujiangxixingguoxianchalingdezhongguogongnonghongjunweishengxuexiaoxuexi。zheishitayixuerenshengdeqidian,yeshitayiyixue“rongmayisheng”dekaiduan。

  

  

1937年红军长征后中央教导师卫生处医务干部合影(右一为涂通今)  

    zaihongjunweishengxuexiaodejinzhangxuexiqijian,tutongjinjiarulegongqingtuan,tongnianzhuanweigongchandangyuan。biyehou,tachengweilehong3shi8tuan(houyuhong12junhebingweihong9juntuan)junyi。

  勤学成博士

亚博  1934nian9yue30ri,hongjiujuntuancongfujianshengzhangtingxianzhongwucunchufa,kaishilejushiwenmingdeerwanwuqianlizhangzheng,tutongjinzuoweisuiduijunyizhunbeichuzheng。

亚博  chufaqian,wenxunganlaidejiarenshaolaifumudeyiyuan,xiwangtutongjinnengtuoxiarongzhuang,jiejiaguitian。cishiyijing20suidetutongjinjingguoleduocifan“weijiao”aozhan,yiranjiandinglegemingdexinxin。tawanyanjujuelefumudexinyi,yiranchaozheyufumubutongderenshengguijizouqu——congnongminzouxiangjiangjun,congsishuxuetongzouxiangliusuboshi。

亚博  xianxianghuanshengdezhangzhenglushang,tutongjinbujinyaoduikangdiren、baocunziji,gengyaozhaoliaoshangyuan。guoxueshan、caodishi,jiduaneliedeziranhuanjingzaochengdetongkuhexisheng,quebingbuyayuzhandouzhongdeshangwang。duici,tutongjinyouzheqiefuzhitong。

  

(资料图片)

  youyicixingjundangzhongjingshenhuanghu,tutongjinyijiaotakongdiaoxiaxuanya,xinghaoyikeshujiezhuleta,caimianyuyisi。meidangyijizheiduanjingli,tutongjinzongshixinchaoqifu、wufapingjing。liangjiu,tazonghuidandandishuo: “zhangzhengzhiku,shirennanwang。”

亚博  zhangzhengdaodashanbeihou。tutongjinjinruyananzhongguoyikedaxuexuexi,tadeyixueshuipingdedaojinyibutigao。

  1949nian,tutongjinrendisiyezhanjunhouqinbuweishengbufubuzhang。siyeruguanhou,tadanrenzhongnanjunquhouqinbuweishengbufubuzhang,zujianhuazhongyixueyuan,jianrenyuanzhang、dangweishuji,chengweidudangyimiande“taizhuzi”。

亚博  1951nian,guojiapai200mingxueshengfusulianliuxue。tutongjinzuowei30mingyixueshengzhongdeyiming,beizhidingxuexishenjingwaike,weichuangjian亚博 guodeshenjingwaikezuozhunbei。nianjin40detaxiang20nianqianneiyang,huidaolexueshengdeweizhishang,shenjingwaikeduitalaishuoshigewanquanmoshengdelingyu,ketameiyoutuisuo,silvzaisan,tutongjinjuedingfangshouyibo。

  

涂通今留学莫斯科(左一为涂通今)

亚博  jichubugouhao,tazaozaodiqichuangkanshu;shijiantaishao,tayigerenduozaishiyanshizhongbiankanshubianshijian。

亚博  4niandeshijian,tachusediwanchengleshenjingshengli、shenjingneiwaike、shenjingjiepouxuedengxueye,haizhangwoleliulideeyu,tadelunwen《sanchashenjingjiejiqihougenzhongliudezhenduanhezhiliao》dabianquanpiaotongguo。

  41suidetanadaolesulianyixuefuboshixuewei(fuboshiweisulianshidaigaodengjiaoyuxuelizhidu,xiangdangyu亚博 guoboshixuewei)。zhihouyoujinrulesulianyixuekexueyuantebiexixuexi。1956nianhuiguohou,tutongjinxianhourenzhongguorenminjiefangjundisijunyidaxuefuxiaozhang、xiaozhang,zonghouqinbuweishengbufubuzhang,junshiyixuekexueyuanyuanzhangdengzhiwu。

  takaichuanglecongxiaonaomushangruluqiechutingshenjingliu、disannaoshihoubuzhongliuqiechushudengshoushu,tianbuleguoneidekongbai,kaichuangle亚博 guoshenjingwaikedexinjumian。tahaibianyi、bianshenleduobenyixuezhuzuo。

  

1958年5月,涂通今博士(中)主持亚博 国首例经小脑幕上入路切除听神经瘤手术并获成功。

亚博  1964nian,tutongjinbeishouyushaojiangjunxian。1971nianhou,renjiefangjunzongyiyuandailiyuanzhang,zhuchiquanyuangongzuo。

  亲笔定家规

  tutongjinshifenzhongshijiafeng亚博 。wannian,tutongjinchanggenwanbeimenjiangshutacongfangniuwachengzhangweihongjunboshidejiannanlicheng。youqishitazaisulianliuxueqijianqianxinxuexiewendegushi,shiwanbeimendaweichudong。

亚博  tadehaizidoutongguozijidenulikaoshangledaxue,qiezaigezidegongzuogangweishangzuochulezhongyaodegongxian。

亚博  weilegenghaomianlihouren,taqinbitixia: “decaibingju,pinxuejianyou;gengduchijia,cishanweiren。”

  

  

  同时也为后人提出了6条家规家训:    

    

  •  

      yishichuanchengkejiarenqinlao、jianpozhimeide,nuligongzuo,qinjianchijia;

      

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    亚博  ershirichangqijuyinshi,yiyouyijiankang、posudafangweizhun,bupanbi、bupuzhang;

      

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    亚博  sanshihaizimenyinggainulixuexi、buduanjinqu,xueyousuocheng、jingtongbenzhi;

      

  •  

    亚博  sishijijixiangshang,tuchuzhengzhi,decaibingju,pinxuejianyou;

      

  •  

    亚博  wushiyanyulvji,kuanyidairen,zhuzhonggerendeyanxingjuzhi;

      

  •  

      六是不依靠父母,不搞特殊化,自食其力、自强不息。   

      

      如今即便已经年迈,涂通今却从未失去热爱祖国的赤子之心: 他拿出要买按摩器的钱支援灾区的人民;他为长汀县的小学建起“希望书库”;看到学校里设备简陋,他将身上所有的钱掏出捐给学校…… 

      

      tutongjinjianshouchuxin,yidanranzhixinbaochiqinlianjiafengdegushizaizisunhoubeizhongkoukouxiangchuan。 

      

      “涂谋大业 红军博士  

      救死扶伤 功德誉天下, 

      通今博古 军校师长  

      辛勤耕耘 桃李满中华。” 

      

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